German Publications


The East German Church and the End of Communism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).

Book Chapters

“Die Gedanken sind frei für Gott und den Mitmenschen,“ in Vom Sinn für den Augenblick (Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2015), 33-37.


Karl Barth, “Conversation with Evangelical Booksellers,” in Conversations 1962 (to be published by IVP 2017).

Wolf Krötke, “‘A Jump Ahead’: The Church as Creative Minority in Eastern Germany,” Theology Today 68/4 (January 2012): 438-447.

Wolf Krötke, “Captive and Free: Spiritual Life in an East German Prison,” The Christian Century 124 (July 24, 2007): 27-30.


“Neugier auf die Zukunft: Was wird aus dem Evangelium in Ost-Deutschland?,“ epd-dokumentation 14/15 (April 2, 2013): 10-15.

“Reframing Evangelism and Interreligious Dialogue: A Response to Wolf Krötke,” Cultural Encounters 7/2 (2011): 47-50.

“Gefaehrliche Zeit: Ein Brief aus den USA ins alte Europa,” Pommersche Kirchenzeitung (March 9, 2003), 4.

“What Czech and East German Protestants Can Teach Us,” Presbyterian Outlook 183 (November 12, 2001): 5-6.

“Gastkommentar: Die neue Welt ist plötzlich gealtert,” Pommersche Kirchenzeitung (September 23, 2001), 2.

“Immerhin: Charakter,” Pommersche Kirchenzeitung (November 19, 2000), 2.

“Die Clinton-Krise aus christlicher Sicht in den USA,” Pommersche Kirchenzeitung (September 27, 1998), 2.

“Coming to Terms with the Past: The Church and the Stasi,” in The Uses and Abuses of Knowledge: Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference on the Holocaust and the German Church Struggle, ed. Henry F. Knight and Marcia Sachs Littell (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1997), 93-108.

“Theologians and the Renewal of Democratic Political Institutions in Eastern Germany,” Journal of Church and State 37 (Winter 1995), 87-102. [Reprinted in Religious Liberty in Northern Europe in the Twenty-First Century, ed. Derek H. Davis (Waco, TX: J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Relations [Baylor University], 2000), 91-106.]

“After the Wall: The Church in East Germany,” Pro Ecclesia 5 (Summer 1996): 266-271.

“Stolpe and the Stasi,” The Christian Century 109 (December 9, 1992): 1124-1126.

“Coming to Terms with the East German Past,” First Things 21 (March 1992), 27-35. [Reprinted in Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe 12 (October 1992), 19-30; and in Transitional Justice: How Emerging Democracies Reckon with Former Regimes, ed. Neil J. Kratz, vol. 2: Country Studies (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 1995), 615-25).]

“Democratization as a Spiritual-Moral Event: A Study of East German Theological-Political Rhetoric,” Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe 12 (February 1992): 1-17.

“Democratic Visions: Theology and Politics in Germany,” The Christian Century 108 (December 11, 1991): 1164-66.

“Preparing for the Fall of 1989: Religion and Democratization in East Germany,” Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal 74 (Spring/Summer 1991): 45-64.

“Christian Political Involvement in East and West: The Theological Ethics of Wolf Krötke,” The Journal of Religion 71 (April 1991): 202-216.

“And the Wall Came Tumbling Down,” with Gilbert Bowen, Common Boundary 8 (May/June 1990): 7.

“Church-State Relations in East Germany: The Church as a ‘Religious’ and ‘Political’ Force,” Journal of Church and State (Winter 1990): 17-35. [Reprinted in EKU/UCC Newsletter 9 (July 1990), 14-24.]

“Church in East Germany Helps Create die Wende,” The Christian Century 106 (December 6, 1989): 1140-1142.

“East German Churches and Emigration,” Christianity and Crisis 49 (October 9, 1989): 309-311.

“The Language of Liberation: Church and State in East Germany on the Occasion of the 40th Anniversary of the End of World War II,” Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe 8 (November 1988): 12-35.

“Marxist Perspectives on Religion: Recent Trends in East Germany,” Dialog: A Journal of Theology 27 (Summer 1988): 196-204.

“Human Rights Debated,” The Witness 69 (November 1986): 22-23.

“On the ‘Other’ Side of the Berlin Wall,” Christianity and Crisis 46 (August 11, 1986): 271-275.

“Images of the Wall: A Scar Across Germany,” The Christian Century 10 (July 30-August 6, 1986): 672-673.

“Languages of Liberation in East Germany,” Theology Today 43 (July 1986): 249-58.

“Die Sprache der Befreiung: Staat und Kirche zum 8. Mai 1985,” Kirche im Sozialismus 12 (June 1986): 107-116.

“‘Ich bin ein Ost-Berliner’—On Doing Theology in East Germany,” Criterion 25 (Spring 1986): 6-10.

“Christian Options in East Germany,” The Christian Century 103 (January 22, 1986): 72-73.

“A Year on the Other Side of the Wall,” The Colorado College Bulletin (January 1986): 12-13.